South Bay Room
Wednesday July 11, 2012
Defining the participative archive
Drawing upon on-going research activity at UCL and elsewhere, this paper will seek to open up a discussion on what is meant by the participative archive and participatory or collaborative approaches to archiving. To what extent do participatory approaches imply a progressive or democratizing agenda, and to what extent might these approaches also suggest the re-inscription of traditional power relations within the archive? Does a collaborative approach suggest a different, perhaps more equal relationship? Among the sites of engagement to be considered will be collection development and appraisal, co-curation and co-management, and user-generated content and crowd-sourcing approaches to description and interpretation.
Confucian Community Construction and Records/Archives Management of Joseon Dynasty – focused on the meaning of the Uigwe Production, Preservation, and Use
The people who opened the Joseon Dynasty aimed at constructing the confucian community based on the propriety as the principle of the society. Hereby the confucian community meant the kingdom as a strict hierarchical, patriarchical family community based on propriety. So, this concept of the community is completely different from the ‘community’ of the present community archives movement.
However, the people of Joseon conceived confucian community based on mutual respects between human beings while keeping the universe order strictly. This community concept was based on Sunglihak (Metaphysics on the human nature and the rule of heaven). Joseon Dynasty adopted Sunglihak as the principle of the national system and religion. To this principle people had to promote propriety as the prime duty through education, learning, self-discipline. They had to act according to the principle of propriety regulated by the Sunglihak. They had to keep the social order suggested by Sunglihak. Even the kings and his kids had to get strict education based on Sunglihak. They had to carry out and strive for ceaseless learning and self-discipline. The Sakwans (historiographers and archivists) recorded these activities and other acts of the royal court in detail and precisely. They edited these records into Uigwe (Records of the State Rites of the Joseon Dynasty) or Sillok (Cronicle), and preserved them in the Sago (archives). The Sakwans were very independent. The kings and his kids could not see the recordings of the Sakwans and the Sillok. This system played the role to control the royal power. In that way, the recording and record keeping system played the decisively crucial role for the realization of the confucian community based on propriety. That is the main ground why the records and archives management in Joseon Dynasty was so thorough and strict, and why this was so crucial for the Joseon society.
My current research focuses on examining the role of active participants in war, and the records created about, by, and for specific communities. I plan to contribute a research presentation for AERI 2012 that discusses constructions of war, memory, and archives and uses the records of communities in a comparative study to understand the archival forces that contribute to shaping the historical record.