Having worked as an archivist and librarian prior to starting the PhD, my work brings practical concerns of libraries, archives, and museums to the critical study of documents in the digital world. Through my work, I hope to enrich the theoretical discourse of cultural institutions and illuminate their processes to an interdisciplinary community.I have participated in in AERI since the initial Institute in 2009. The opportunities and connections it has afforded me have had a profound impact on my research and my career at large. Participating in previous Institutes, has enabled me to develop my research and teaching agendas in a supportive and dynamic community. I am dedicated to my research in this area, but also in helping to implement the next generation of archival curriculum. In my teaching, I emphasize a socially-aware, and democratically-minded, perspective on the practice of archives. My goal is to create a collaborative environment with my teaching and research that allows students to take seriously and learn from their own perspectives as well as their peers.Promoting diversity and social engagement in Information Studies is crucial to the future of the field, and is one of my key priorities. In my time at UW, I have held fellowships from the Institute Public Humanities and the HASTAC Scholars program, working within these interdisciplinary environments to develop public engaged research. I have also worked for the Washington Doctoral Initiative, a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services dedicated to recruiting LIS doctoral students from underrepresented backgrounds and developing a comprehensive mentoring program.Prior to entering the doctoral program in 2007, I worked professionally as an archivist and academic librarian. I hold an MSIS from the University of Texas- Austin.
Currently, I study archives, digital records and communication using mobile computing devices. In my doctoral research I focus on the material production and transmission of records created with mobile phones such as Short Message Service, Multi-media Messaging Service, and Enhanced Messaging Service (also known as text messages and multi-media messages). I am interested in how technologists, recordkeepers (including archivists), and information scientists are confronting issues of digital materiality with these kinds of records. With this dissertation research, I aim to build theory about the digital materiality of records created with mobile computing devices and analyze thsignificance of transmission and storage in their dissemination and preservation.
Kimberly Anderson is an Assistant Professor of Archives in the School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. She received her PhD. from UCLA in 2011, where her dissertation examined how university archivists learn to appraise through social interaction. In addition to archivists and appraisal, her research interests include Library and Information Science pedagogy, along with sociocultural aspects of records and record keeping. She teaches with particular emphasis on reflexive practice and learning. She received her MLIS with a specialization in archives from UCLA in 2007. She received a BA in Humanities with a minor in Anthropology from Northern Arizona University. Anderson has worked in university archives, special collections, a rare books library, law libraries, and police records. Anderson is also the 2011-2012 chair of the appraisal and acquisitions section of the SAA.
I am a second-year doctoral student and DigCCurr (Digital Curation Curriculum) Fellow at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Although evolving, my research interests focus primarily on digital preservation, digital libraries, archiving, social impacts of and uses for archives and information, and memory studies. I received a BA in sociology and have worked in information technology services, publishing, and non-profit organizations. As a MSLS student, I engaged with various library and archives projects including Folkstreams, a documentary film digitization and preservation project.In addition, I completed a field experience at Duke University’s Archive of Documentary Arts, and worked as a graduate research assistant in the visual arts collection at UNC’s Wilson Library, where I assisted the moving image archivist in inventorying collections and researching best practices in moving image preservation. I have become increasingly interested in the relationship between archives and cultural memory practices, particularly as it plays out in community organizations and other contexts in which professional archival practices are not necessarily presence. Arts organizations tend to use informal means to preserve their histories, and I am interested in exploring how archivists can support non-archival organizations in their efforts to preserve organizational memory. Organizations that are highly performative (in the sense of producing events that are “live”) pose an interesting archival challenge. In addition, I am exploring ways to document the cultural context(s) of digital media. Aside from research and teaching, I hope to find editorial and service opportunities in journals that serve the cinema/media archives community.
I am a professor and the Director of the Archives Managment program at the Graduate School of Library and Information Science at Simmons College. I’ve been at Simmons since 1999. Before coming to Simmons, I worked in the libraries of the United States Virgin Islands for twenty-five years and for the last eleven of those years was the Director of the Territorial Libraries and Archives. My research interests are in the areas of memory, cultural heritage and post-colonialism and I have written a number of articles and books around those interests. I am currently working on two books, one about archives in libraries, and the other about the concept of cultural archives, focusing on how diverse communities express and record their collective heritage and memory. My teaching philosophy revolves around helping students develop both critical thinking skills and the abilities to use these fruitfully in their working lives.
I am a doctoral candidate in the School of Information at the University of Texas, Austin. I received a BFA in Printmaking from the Maryland Institute, College of Art in 1996 and an MLIS degree from UCLA’s Graduate School of Education & Information Studies in 2001. My ongoing research work investigates how audiovisual materials, especially amateur recordings, are integrated into our cultural heritage. I have written and presented on the use of home movies by the medical community in studies of autism and schizophrenia; the collector’s market for home movies and its implications for archives; preservation, legal, and access issues archivists encounter in collecting amateur films; and the increasing need for law enforcement agencies to preserve large quantities of audiovisual materials along with other physical evidence in criminal cases. My dissertation research focuses on the last of these interests, exploring the archival nature of the evidence room and the people and processes involved in the long-term management of evidence in changing formats.I strongly believe that a 21st century archival education should prepare new members of the field to manage a historical record that has been accruing mechanical, electronic, digital, and visual components for well over a century. The burden of preservation and awareness of the need for active intervention to keep contemporary records accessible for the long term are issues the archival community must also work at sharing with a broader public through outreach, education, and access initiatives.
Throughout my post‐secondary education, I focused on non‐traditional source materials in both historical research and archival concerns. For both my Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts degrees in history, I analyzed non‐textual materials, such as photographs and moving images, and extended this passion into my Master of Library and Information Science and Ph.D. programs through studying digital preservation and digital collections. My professional background echoes my academic life, as I worked with audio and visual materials at both the Milwaukee Art Museum and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Additionally, my experiences at the Waukesha Historical Society and Museum focused on the reappraisal of the cartography collection. Prior to entering the doctoral program, my research covered a wide array of topics including: Milwaukee socialism, a case study of photography as primary sources, and representations of progress seen at the 1893 and 1933 World’s Fairs. The doctoral program, however, focused my research agenda. At the broadest level, I explore methods of increasing access and use of information with an emphasis on its discoverability. Within this area, I focus on digital collections including libraries, archives, and museums. Finally, my current research investigates the use of social tagging and collaborative indexing within digital collections as a method to increase access and use of those collections. Based on this agenda, my current research includes an exploration of the impact of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act on digital preservation, the potential benefits of social tagging within digital archives, and the perceptions of social tagging by digital librarians and archivists. Professional education requires the mastery of both theoretical and applied techniques; therefore, my teaching philosophy is built upon a constructivist and apprenticeship learning styles. Although no course can completely avoid instructive teaching, the best method provides a theoretical foundation while allowing students to expand their understanding through real world applications. Students gain both experience and the problem solving tools for future issues. Furthermore, students establish the concrete professional skills needed for employment.
Jean-François Blanchette is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Information Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is most recently the author of Burdens of Proof: Cryptographic Culture and Evidence Law in the Age of Electronic Documents (MIT Press, 2012) and “A Material History of Bits,” JASIT 62 no. 6 (2011). He teaches in the area of systems design, electronic records and digital preservation. His research focuses on the development of a theory of digital materiality and its implications for issues related to electronic evidence, digital preservation, and the evolution of the computing ecosystem.
Erik Borglund has a 20 years experience as a police officer, and has been working in various departments within the Swedish police. He finished his master degree in information systems in 2004, and directly afterwards he was began his PhD studies. His PhD was about design implications on information systems involved in the recordkeeping process. He defended his thesis in 2008, and has since 2008 been affiliated with Mid Sweden University where he since 2009 holds a full time position as senior lecturer in archives and information science.Erik Borglund’s research interest is mainly in the area of digital records, and he is especially interested in design aspects of records management systems, and other information systems in which records are born and managed. Erik Borglund has with his background as police officer studied the operational and tactical use of records both digital and analogue within the Swedish police. Current is Erik Borglund involved in two research projects, where he has a focus on records use and records creation during large police operations and during management of large-scale crisis where more than one actor is involved (e.g. the police, the fire brigade, the medical service etc.).Erik Borglund has a research background from a traditional Scandinavian Information systems research tradition, where technology is studied in the context where it is used. The Scandinavian Information systems research tradition has always focused on the intertwined mix of users and technology. The Scandinavian Information Systems research tradition also include to carry out mostly interpretative qualitative studies, which Erik Borglund has been doing since 2003.Erik Borglund is very interested in distance education, and the challenge of how to be able to teach the practical parts of the work an archivist and a records manager carries out, in a distance educational setting. The use of computer laboratories, online lecturers, recorded lectures, are examples of technologies tested and used to increase the quality of teaching.
Carol’s vision for graduate work in information studies is to provide students with access to as many facets of the information management prism as possible. She believes that providing students with a broad spectrum of thought will empower them with the awareness, theories, strategies, content, and context necessary to thrive in their careers. She sees the traditional library, archives, records, and museum careers merging into a single information management domain refined with aspects of computer science, information policy, and intellectual property. These new practitioners will need to know traditional information concepts as well as predictive analytics as they pursue knowledge management in a variety of private, community, corporate, and government sectors.Carol’s teaching philosophy emerged from twenty-five years as an information management practitioner. Traditional librarians are now information analysts: gathering information on patrons to design user interfaces, creating data quality standards, compiling information system requirements, drafting metadata standards, designing privacy programs, managing communities of practice, creating tutorials on intellectual property, and on and on. The basic goal, to facilitate human information interaction, is now open to new avenues – not just tools but, as these examples show, actual responsibilities that can now help to meet that common goal. We must manage information objects, regardless of source, from creation or receipt through use and storage to eventual archiving or destruction. The classic information science model has evolved to address these needs and must continue to evolve to meet our next generation of requirements.Carol’s philosophy of teaching is to provide students with the foundational theories and models which form the framework for discourse in our field. To further inform the discussions, she introduces the classic readings in each fundamental area of information management to provide students with access to the leading thinkers and advances. She emphasizes the core sources, concepts, and tools before introducing any important non-traditional thinkers or strategies for an area. Her role is to ensure students have the opportunity to acquire knowledge by providing the learning environment, the sources of information, and the direction for the discussion and practice exercises.
I have an academic and professional background in archives and historical studies. I graduated from the University of Pennsylvania where my thesis examined literary sources as documentation of the classical world. My interests in the digital humanities expanded as I studied archives at the University of California, Los Angeles, where I received my M.L.I.S. and wrote my thesis on student records management in paper and digital form. I am especially interested in the research potential of archives within communities as a source of identity and memory. I am currently a practicing school archivist, teacher, and a community archivist working with the nonprofit Neon Museum to assess and document a singular collection of historic signs from the past century in Las Vegas. I have worked previously as an archivist and metadata specialist, and have presented my work in writing and at SAA. My current research interests center around archival documentation of provenance, both the technical and narrative descriptions of cultural objects. I am interested in adapting archival description for the unique characteristics of non-print materials, and narrating the untold histories of these objects and their context through research.
Angelica Bullock is a second year masters student in the Africana Studies Department at the University at Albany, in Albany, New York. She received her undergraduate degree in History at Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio. Angelica has a deep interest and commitment to social issues. Her academic intent is to advance diversity and social justice. Her academic interests include gender studies, Africana Studies, American Studies, race relations, and social justice movements. These themes are related to her intrinsic interest in diversity and social justice.She has had two experiences that sparked her interest in Archival Studies. The first, her interview with Marian Spencer, a civil rights activist in Cincinnati, Ohio, at the ripe age of 90, where she documented her life through video recording focusing on Spencer’s journey attending the University of Cincinnati when it started to accept black applicants, her struggle to desegregate Coney Island in Cincinnati, and her other life accomplishments. The second spark was her experience at Hebrew Union College at the American Jewish Archives in Cincinnati, OH, where she wrote a paper concerning Jewish involvement during the Civil Rights Era, entitled “Northern and Southern Rabbis during the Civil Rights Era,” and presented her findings at conferences.Because of her experiences, she hopes to incorporate her academic interests in the realm of archival studies. Angelica has an interest in archival studies because it holds much importance in society. It concerns the preservation of people and communities. Archives are the “first” places that hold a person and a community’s voice. Angelica is excited to attend the Emerging Archival Scholars Program and looks forward meeting new people, learning others’ unique techniques, passions and commitments, developing beneficial skills in the field of archival studies, and being an active participant.
I graduated from the MA in Archives and Records Management programme at University College London in 1995, before working for a number of institutions including the V&A Museum, the Royal Bank of Scotland, Glasgow University Archives and The National Archives. Between 2007 and 2011 I completed a PhD in Archive Studies at University College London. My thesis, which is entitled ‘Multiple Narratives, Multiple Views: Observing Archival Description’ can be found here. Whilst finishing my PhD I started teaching on the archives and records management programmes at UCL, with responsibility for modules on the Principles of Archives and Records Management, Archival Description and Encoded Archival Description and the Digitisation of Archives. I also teach on the Archival and Records Challenges in the Digital Information Society (ARCHIDIS) Intensive Program which involves collaboration with partners from across Europe to deliver a two week residential program on the subject of Appraisal and Social Memory.My research interests include the history and ongoing development of the interface between archives and technology and the potential application of cybernetic principles to archival description. Currently however I am investigating the theory and practice of teaching, whilst undertaking modules from the Professional Certificate in Teaching and Learning in Higher and Professional Education at the Institute of Education, and assisting in the redesign of the curriculum of UCL’s archives and records management programme.
My archival scholarship is influenced by my experience working with community based organizations. As I pursued a B.A. in Political Science and M.A. In Cultural Anthropology, I worked with community based and non-profit organizations assisting in the creation of records that documented activities and worldviews of people within them. I was first trained in Community Media production, and my first project was a co-produced documentary film entitled “Women Reclaim: Life, Land and Spirit” created with mentors from Hawai’i. Second, I worked as a bi-lingual technology educator at Homeless Prenatal Program, helping immigrant, low-income, and homeless women apply for jobs and develop computer skills so they can participate in modern day contexts. Third, I worked at Manilatown Heritage Foundation and developed their digital archives collection by creating a mash-up social media platforms so that their multi-media digital archives could be accessed and commented on by the wider Filipino-American community in San Francisco and beyond. Fourth, I currently volunteer with Women for Genuine Security, participating in the writing of articles, such as “Gender and U.S. Bases in the Asia-Pacific” published in Foreign Policy in Focus, and also developing their web archives. I manage web-based information on the history of the International Women’s Network Against Militarism (IWNAM), a network of feminist peace organizations from U.S., Puerto Rico, Hawai’i, Guam, Okinawa, Philippines, and South Korea (www.genuinesecurity.org). Lastly, I am the Project Manager for the Archival Education Research Institute. This position helps me to see the various threads of intellectual interests in the contemporary archival field, and I enjoy creating spaces of dialogue among archivists. Working with these groups reveal the various perspectives on the nature and purpose of knowledge production.
I was born and raised on Maui, Hawai’i and am of Ilocano descent. As a daughter of immigrants, I find myself situated in complex histories of colonization that caused my parents and grandparents to emigrate from their lands, Ilocos Sur, Philippines, and also, become caught up in the global and social pressures that build upon the colonization of indigenous people of Hawai’i. This position increases my awareness of subtle and spectacular forms of power in historical and cultural discourses within multicultural locations. I bring this awareness in my study of 16th century Spanish imperial records and how they were used to create overseas empires, develop religious and economic institutions in Ilocos Philippines, that would impact the subjectivities, memories, and cultures of Ilocanos in the present day. I am also interested in studying the emancipatory potential of community based appropriation of technology and self-determined concepts of archives. I am interested in peace organizations who communicate their values and epistemological representations on mediums that straddle web sites, specific locations, and interpersonal communication, and how philosophies of knowledge exchanged and recorded in these sites can be preserved overtime. My dissertation will focus on the IWNAM’s web archive, and how it reflects these women’s philosophies of “genuine security” within militarized contexts.
She presently serves on the advisory committees of the National Assembly Library of Korea and the National Library for Children and Young Adults, as well as on the Korea ISBN/ISSN Organizing Committee of the National Library of Korea. She also previously served on the editorial boards of the journals for the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, the Korean Biblia Society, and the Korea Society of Information Management.
Her current research projects include a study of digital archiving strategies for the records of early foreign missionaries in Korea (1800-1910). This research project focuses on developing a sustainable digital archive system for long-term preservation and use. She holds her Ph.D. in Library and Information Science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, MLIS from Indiana University-Bloomington, and B.A. in Library and Information Science from Sookmyung Women’s University.
As a member of TEAM Korea in the InterPARES III project, he conducted a case study on Trusted Third Party digital Repositories (TTPRs) in Korea. TTPRs are government authorized digital repositories that help business organizations and individuals to ensure trustworthy digital preservation and reliable electronic records exchange. He presented posters about the overview and the business application of TTPRs in the annual conferences of CAIS (Canadian Association of Information Science) and ACA (Association of Canadian Archivists).
Before join the program, he worked as an information technology consultant for 7 years in the field of e-government planning and implementation. During his career, he participated in various projects relating to electronic records management for Korean government agencies. He delivered professional services for planning and implementation of electronic records management systems based on the archival principles and the methodologies of information system planning, business process reengineering, and service improvement. Major projects include: Korean national government records sharing center planning; Korean Supreme Court Electronic Court system planning; Korea land registration records management system planning and implementation.
Foundational to my teaching is an understanding of the creative and diverse backgrounds of the students. I recognize and emphasize the power of diversity as exemplified through problem solving in the classroom environment as well as out-of-class-experiences, and as assessed in student work products. I educate students to recognize their own differences and highlight those differences as they apply theory and philosophy to professional practice. As I was taught to evolve as a somatic individual, that being one of body, mind, and spirit, I, in turn, consider and educate students in those dimensions. Through this approach, my intention is to enhance students’ personal and professional development and guide them towards a stronger definition and continuous refinement of their individualistic professional self-identity.
It is my belief that information and data about information are representative of the process and product of creativity and knowledge. Based on this belief, I am devoted to exploring and finding creativity in the individual through the learning process. The development of the repertoire of courses that I can teach, individually and as a suite, reflects this philosophy in structure, activity, and work products. It is through this exploration that students learn to describe and define the art and artifacts of knowledge that are collected, preserved, and made accessible through the profession of library, archival, and information science. Without this exploration the representation created through data and metadata lacks meaning. I am committed to researching content as well as context in the classroom and through my own intellectual inquiry in order to enhance the educational experience of all involved in the process of educating human beings.
Chris holds an Associate Diploma of Arts in Library Practice, a Bachelor of Applied Science in Information Studies, a Master of Arts in Information & Knowledge Management and a Graduate Diploma in Applied Corporate Governance. He regularly publishes articles and presents papers on a range of information related subjects and as the inaugural recipient of the RIM Professionals Australasia Research Grant, Chris conducted research into the professional values of the recordkeeping industry in Australia. This research informed the recent re-write of the RIM Professionals Australasia Code of Profressional Conduct and Statement of Ethical Practice.
Chris is currently undertaking his PhD at the University of Technology, Sydney where he is exploring the tension between managing a record as information and managing it as evidence with a view to:
The main aims/objectives of his research are:
Patti’s primary research interests include preservation and access of library and archival print and digital materials; community archives, cultural heritage, and memory; archival research trends and methodologies; and library and archive education.
Patti’s ongoing research projects expand on her exploration of collective memory and sense of place in personal narratives and place-blogging to examine how community archives and local historical societies construct, and are constructed by, these concepts. Throughout this research, Patti also considers the question of archival access. Patti is a member of the research team working on “Scoping the Published Archival Research Corpus (SPARC): An International Study” led by Paul Conway (University of Michigan). This complements previous research that Patti has conducted which investigated trends in research methodologies that are employed in the published archival literature. As a teacher of archival studies Patti encourages her students to develop and improve their research and practical skills; attain a more thorough understanding of, and respect for, the theory and history of the discipline; gain a holistic view of the Archive discipline; and creatively explore new ideas. As a lifelong learner, she strives to do the same.
Prior attending Pitt, I worked as a contract archivist throughout the Pittsburgh area for local churches and non-profit organizations. I also have a professional and academic background in archeology, and I have participated in field research in Pennsylvania, New York, Indiana, and Israel. I have an M.A. from Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, where I first became interested in archives while working at the James L. Kelso Bible Lands Museum. As my career in archaeology progressed outside the academic realm into the world of cultural resource management, I was fortunate to be engaged in the profession at a time where the transition from paper-based documentation was just beginning to see a major giveaway toward data recovery via mobile computers, GPS, remote ground sensing, and other developing technologies. The information needs of a whole range of related professions have been seeing a significant migration towards evolving records formats.
My primary motivation for pursuing a PhD in Library and Information Science is closely tied to my personal passion for teaching and research. I am interested in combining my professional experiences in archaeology and museum studies with my current work in archival studies. I see a vital connection between these areas of interest. All three professions have the common function in providing support for societal and cultural memory. I believe that the growth of the cultural heritage industry will continue to have an impact on how society documents itself, especially with the development of cyberinfrastructures for researchers. This perspective, combined with the ongoing adoption of digital capture, reformatting, and storage technologies will impact our traditional understanding of archival theories and practices.
Combining her experience investigating data reuse and her background gained through the completion of a museum studies certificate, Morgan is currently conducting dissertation work on the topic of research use of museum materials, including artifacts, their representations, and research data collections held by museums. Her comparative case study addresses the various kinds of data held by two museums and the ways in which researchers in several fields use those data to develop new knowledge. It also explores the implications of museum data sources for developing data sharing infrastructure. At AERI, Morgan will present material based on her dissertation work. She looks forward to receiving feedback on this developing work from the archival studies community.
I have considerable teaching experience with both graduate and undergraduate students, online and on campus. My teaching experience with Master’s level students is more extensive. It includes Archives Administration and Management (online), Information Policy (a hybrid course with both on-campus and online students), and Libraries, Information and Society (on campus). I was a teaching assistant for the online offering of Information Organization and Access as well as for the on-campus summer intensive sections of Libraries, Information and Society – the intensive introductory course for incoming cohorts of the online Master’s program. I taught two courses in the Informatics undergraduate minor at UIUC: Ethics in Cyberspace and Race, Gender and Information Technology.
My professional experience is varied and extensive. Prior to entering GSLIS I worked at progressive not for profits in Chicago. My work supported community organizing and development in marginalized and disenfranchised communities. It caused me to look carefully at the ways in which practice (in the form of political and community organizing), though informed by theories of social and human justice, pushed the margins of assumptions and prescriptions about change, identity, and place. My work took me to nearly every neighborhood in Chicago; I worked with new immigrants, unemployed steel workers, homeless folk, former prisoners, and people with disabilities. I also worked with wealthy donors and many leaders in Chicago’s philanthropic community. I had a foot in both worlds and was charged with facilitating both communication and the exchange of resources.
I worked as a graduate assistant in UIUC University Archives for four years doing oral history, reference, and processing the records of the American Library Association. I expect to continue my work with oral history, which preserves unique stories and voices and can help validate historically silent or marginalized voices. The sense of agency that comes with that validation is a first step toward civic participation and engagement.
My research interests seek to understand how archives, libraries, and other public information institutions can help reinvigorate public commitment to civic education and engagement, and participation in public policy development. My teaching builds on the knowledge and experience that students bring to the class and challenges them to engage and critically examine new ideas and perspectives. I firmly believe archives and LIS education need to focus on developing leaders with vision and skills to be advocates who are actively engaged in public policy development.
It is almost impossible to go through the day without experiencing Landor’s fruits of creativity and innovation. Opening a FedEx package. Flying on Delta. Wearing Levis’ jeans. Smoking a Marlboro. Drinking a Coca-Cola. Taking a picture with Fuji Film. Each of these products and services connects us with the work of branding pioneer, innovator, visionary Walter Landor. The Landor Design Collection consists of 146 cubic feet – making my research both extremely interesting and challenging. The Archival Education and Research Institute will provide me with the knowledge, resources, mentoring, and support to successfully conduct research at the Smithsonian Institution and assist me in completing my doctoral dissertation on a timely basis. I am also looking forward to expanding my professional network and meeting with other doctoral students and exchanging ideas.
My goal is to inspire students, educators, and professionals to be creative, to be innovative, to be entrepreneurial, and to appreciate history by highlighting Landor’s important historical contributions to the fields of business and design in the United States and around the world. Thank you for your consideration.
My research objective is to empirically measure end-user trust. Toward this end, I aim to: 1) understand how to build trust between end-users and organizations responsible for providing reliable access to preserved content in a digital environment, 2) conduct research on preservation repositories from the perspective of the end-user, and 3) study the experience of end-users in making credibility (e.g., trustworthiness and expertise) assessments of digital content housed in preservation repositories. My current research explores how end-users go about assessing the credibility of digital information when this information is found outside of preservation repositories.
My scholarship philosophy is simple. I believe scholarship should be based upon empiricism. As a researcher, I want to employ a variety of research methods (qualitative – e.g., semi-structured interviews, observation, etc. and quantitative – e.g., surveys, randomized experiments, etc.) to better understand archival issues in the digital environment.
In her research, Lorrie examines transitions of custodianship, questions of ownership and privacy, and modes of participation in community-created archives. Her dissertation research focuses on the records and people at Central State Hospital, a 142-year-old state mental hospital in Virginia. By framing her dissertation with the argument that historical recordkeeping practices of the hospital served as an embedded institutional tool to maintain hegemonic attitudes toward those designated as mentally ill or disabled, Lorrie studies the potential social impact of the records in their continuing use as archival documents. She looks at how records can be used as the foundation for emergent narratives from both individuals associated with record-creation and the recorded subjects. The study includes considerations of the flexibility and risks of a digital archives model for privacy-sensitive materials.
Lorrie’s teaching, research, and service missions continue to be linked by her goal of promoting diversity and participation in academic affairs. In her courses, she strives to engage students in information studies by asking them to connect the various aspects of the field with their own everyday experiences. Students are encouraged to think about sources in a critical manner, to analyze predominant arguments of IS, and to formulate their own postulations. Similar to any endeavor in the research or service arenas, Lorrie strives to create in the classroom a collaborative environment that is both supportive and intellectually stimulating.
Drake’s research interests include the ways in which government records produce and silence interpretations of the past as they pertain to marginalized groups. He is further concerned with how the resulting narratives imbed collective memory. To this end, Drake has presented research at the National Council for Black Studies (March, 2012) and the Midwest Archives Conference (April, 2012); upcoming paper presentations include the Tupac Amaru Shakur Collection Conference (September, 2012) and the Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference (October, 2012).
His forthcoming master’s thesis will use a legal framework to analyze accountability issues related to records produced by privately contracted correctional facilities. As such, Drake’s philosophy on scholarship is one rooted in empirical rigor and driven by social justice.
Prior to my Monash appointment I was a researcher and archival systems developer at the eScholarship Research Centre (and its predecessor units) at the University of Melbourne. In that role I was involved in the design, development and deployment of two archival systems – the Heritage Documentation Management System (HDMS) and the Online Heritage Resource Manager (OHRM). The HDMS is used across a number of small archives to process and manage their holdings, as well as to make their finding aids available online, while the OHRM brings archival and scholarly principles and practices together into a database tool for creating and managing contextual information networks.
I have qualifications and practical experience in information management, recordkeeping and archiving, and systems development. In 2007 I completed my PhD investigating recordkeeping metadata interoperability at Monash as part of the Clever Recordkeeping Metadata Project. I then was able to work on a part-time secondment as a Research Fellow to the Smart Information Portals Project at the Centre for Organisational and Social Informatics. As well as providing a post-doctoral experience, this position enabled me to continue developing my interest in system design methodologies and methods and in the sustainability and scalability of metadata creation and management frameworks. I have also been involved with recordkeeping and resource discovery metadata standards development as part of working groups within Standards Australia’s IT 21/7 Committee and with the Australia Society of Archivist’s Committee on Descriptive Standards. I was also part of the initial international team to develop the alpha version of EAC in 2001.
A common theme across the practical and research activities that I am involved in is a desire to work with groups who are in some way ‘in the minority’, with lesser access to resources, skills and/or institutional support and/or ways of knowing different to the mainstream. My desire is to work with them to build sustainable archival information system utilizing digital and networking technologies that meet their needs and respect their values. Uncovering these through collaborative research and development activities benefits all parties and I gain much from the two way learning and knowledge exchange. From my research perspective this enables the exploration of issues around individual and community construction of information systems in and through time and space, as well as the development and application of reflective design research methodologies.
In 2009 I received an ARC Indigenous Research Fellowship to undertaking the research project Holding Gunditjmara Knowledge: Community and records working together, a partnership project with the Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation of Lake Condah, western Victoria. In 2010 Jim Berg and I wrote a book on the repatriation of Koorie skeletal remains titled Power and the Passion: Our Ancestors Return Home. I am also engaged in follow-up projects and activities originating from the ARC Linkage Project Trust and Technology: Building an archival system for Indigenous Oral memory (T&T) project. In 2012, I became the Finkel Fellow with Monash Country Lines Archives, which looks at archiving Indigenous knowledge through animation.
To my research, I have brought a valuable combination of community, professional and academic experience and knowledge through my work prior to academia. I made major contributions through my work at the Koorie Heritage Trust Inc (1994-2003) to the preservation and promotion of Koorie culture and heritage through the development and management of library and archival collections, publishing activities, website developments and exhibitions. The Trust’s goals and activities relate to preserving and promoting the continuous and living Koorie cultural heritage. Promoting Koorie culture and heritage contributes to pride and self-esteem.
My fourteen years plus experience in Indigenous studies, specifically culture and heritage of Victoria, has been directed towards educating the wider community in Koorie culture and history, whilst supporting Koorie communities in addressing their specific needs in this field. I have broad-ranging experience in advisor roles, education (guest speaking and tutoring), promotion (contributions towards exhibitions and publications), and advocacy.
My research interests center around the preservation and curation of scientific data and enabling interdisciplinary reuse. My dissertation research will focus on social science datasets that have been highly reused in inter- and multidisciplinary contexts and attempt to identify the characteristics – both technical and social – that enable such reuse. I am also interested in scientists’ recordkeeping behaviors and their use of records to constitute, defend and discipline scientific knowledge.
I am primarily interested in user-centered research. Previously, I have conducted research in data management practices at U-M, situating the problem of data management within the context of personal information management. I have also worked closely with researchers at U-M’s School of Public Health to examine the effects of University Hospital’s transition to electronic records, particularly with respect to the consequences of information overload on clinicians’ acceptance and use of clinical decision support technologies.
My research builds upon my experiences as a graduate research assistant at the University of British Columbia. I have been involved in several studies conducted in the context of different research projects, specifically, the International Research on Permanent Authentic Records in Electronic Systems (InterPARES) and the Digital Records Forensics projects. I have also served as the lead researcher for a Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems (MITACS)-Accelerate funded project for the Centre for the Investigation of Financial Electronic Records, entitled “Guidelines for Managing Records Created in the Investigative and Litigation Process,” which studied best practices for the handling of investigative records in securities fraud investigations.
Research is only one component of my academic pursuits, as teaching is another personal passion. Throughout my academic career I have experienced a wide variety of teaching styles and have come to believe that there is no perfect recipe for effective teaching, as each classroom is a different experience for a teacher and requires a different approach. In many situations, such as teaching the theory of archives and records management, specific facts and accounts of first-hand experiences may not be the most important features of the class; rather, it is the analysis, the discourse, and the process of arriving at ideas and solutions that prove to be most valuable. This aspect of teaching is the most challenging, but by being a fair, flexible, respectful, and accessible teacher, one can be sure that students will be more willing to listen and engage the materials covered in the courses, and as a result, they will develop the necessary knowledge base and critical learning skills required and expected of them.
I joined the School of Information at the University of Texas at Austin in fall of 2000 as an assistant professor, with the brief to develop a suite of courses designed to prepare students to become digital archivists, capable of capturing, managing, and maintaining digital cultural objects indefinitely. In the past twelve years I have taught almost 400 Master’s students in digital archives classes and I currently chair the committees of seven PhD students. I also teach archival appraisal and a course on historical museums in the UT Museum Studies portfolio program, of which I am one of three principals. My teaching philosophy is based on respect for students and their ability to take control of their own learning, while my teaching practice attempts to draw from the best of my own experience as a student to pair skills in critical reading with demanding problem-oriented discovery to support lifelong learning in a field where change is endemic.
My research interests to underpin this work include understanding the institutionalization of digital repositories, appraisal practices for digital records, preservation of intangible cultural heritage including especially ethical considerations, and the analysis of digital records corpora, and I have published, presented, and supervised student work on all of these topics. Recently my interests as a historian have led me to begin investigating the generation of documentation by the community of practice that spans the computer industry, computer publications, and computer users, with a view to understanding archival documentation requirements to support historical studies in this field.
Currently, I am participating in an international research project titled “Scoping the Published Archival Research Corpus (SPARC): An International Exploration,” headed by Paul Conway from the University of Michigan. Additionally, I serve as one of two book review editors for InterActions: UCLA Journal of Education and Information Studies. I hope to continue my research on the use of primary materials in K-12 educational settings by conducting ethnographic research in public school classrooms where teachers are experimenting with integrating primary materials into standards-based lessons.
I am interested in learning how multiracialism is remembered throughout history and how it will be approached in future educational and archival environments. As a multiracial person myself, learning about others with similar backgrounds has always been of great value and interest to me. Given that the number of people who identify as being multiracial is on the rise in the United States, making this kind of information accessible is more relevant than ever.
My other research interest, which is the topic of my thesis proposal, is on archives legislations in Commonwealth countries. I am interested in three main areas. Firstly, I would like to examine the level of effectiveness of the archives act in implementing a regulatory framework for the effective creation and management of government records in the digital environment. Second, I would like to explore the organizational issues which facilitate and constrain the ability of the archives authority to fulfill their statutory responsibility in implementing an effective records management program in the government. Finally, I am keen to analyze the variations of experiences in how archivists internalize and define the concept of records and of archives in their work. I am interested to examine whether archivists’ understanding of records and archives conforms to, is an extension of, or departs from the definition of records and archives as stipulated in the archives act.
I believe that archival science can be enriched through interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research in other fields including organizational theory and information science. In addition, a naturalistic and interpretivist approach towards the study of archival science will help to expand on current archival theory and elucidate new understanding on the nature of records and archives. Such an approach will provide an insight as to how records are created and maintained in the digital environment and will balance the top-down approach and functional perspective on the nature of records.
Research and Teaching Interests and Objectives
Dr. Gracy’s research focuses on the transition from the analog to the digital in preservation, particularly how it affects both the nature of the work and the communities that are involved in preservation activities. While the technical challenges involved in digital preservation are critical, the implications for the sociocultural infrastructure—the people and institutions, the processes and practices—must also be studied. New players in preservation, such as the Internet Archive and Google Books, are changing the dominant paradigms of preservation and may ultimately transform how the LIS community approaches and conducts preservation work. In both Dr. Gracy’s research and teaching, the technical and sociocultural aspects receive equal attention.
Teaching History and Goals
Dr. Gracy teaches in the areas of preservation and archiving, with a focus on moving image archives and digital preservation issues. Her courses include Introduction to Digital Preservation, Digital Curation, and Technologies for Digital Preservation and Web Archiving. She also teaches in support of the archives and special collections specialization, teaching courses in archival description, audiovisual archiving, and metadata for digital audiovisual materials. In 2009, she established the MLIS specialization and graduate-level Certificate of Advanced Study in Digital Preservation at Kent State.
Philosophy of Teaching
On the first day of class, I often ask my students what made them decide to be archivists or preservation professionals. Often, their responses indicate a fascination with “old” things—and a desire to have tactile interaction with those objects of material culture that for them serve as metaphors for historical and cultural events, people, and places. As an instructor, one of my greatest challenges for both me and my students is to take their almost visceral attraction to the physical material — books, records, photographs, films, or whatever — and transform it into an enthusiasm for and a mastery of the complex set of functions and tasks which comprise the world of cultural heritage stewardship. To learn to think like an archivist or a preservationist, a student must gain both theoretical and practical knowledge and use those two types of knowledge in tandem to make decisions in real-world environments. My teaching goals grow out of these convictions.
I am currently working with Dr. Lecia Barker on an NSF-funded grant to study faculty adoption of teaching practices that retain female students in STEM disciplines (primarily Computer Science). I hope that I will be able to apply the knowledge of teaching approaches that I gain during this project to the work of training archival students in increasingly technical skills that are becoming essential for digital archivists. Additionally, I am the Editorial Fellow for Information and Culture: A Journal of History.
My undergraduate degree is in the English literature from Loyola University of New Orleans, and I have also completed an MA in Philosophy at Tulane University, and an MSIS with a focus in archives at the University of Texas at Austin. While completing my MSIS, I interned at the Historic New Orleans Collection and the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History. Additionally, I developed archival processing guidelines for the Goodwill Computer Museum in Austin. A project that involved retrieving obsolete records from virus-infected floppy disks sparked my interest in digital archives.
These goals are being advanced through two recently funded grant projects for which I am serving as PI. The first is a 2012 Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) Research Grant for the study, “Teaching in the Age of Facebook and other Social Media: LIS Faculty and Students ‘Friending’ and ‘Poking’ in the Social Sphere.” I am joined on this project by my Co-PIs, Dr. Cassidy Sugimoto of Indiana University Bloomington and Dr. Jeffrey Pomerantz of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The second is, “The Biblioblogosphere: A Comparison of Communication and Preservation Perceptions and Practices between Blogging LIS Scholar-Practitioners and LIS Scholar-Researchers,” which was awarded a 2012 OCLC/ALISE Library and Information Science Research Grant. I am joined in this initiative by Dr. Sugimoto, Co-PI.
Currently, I also serve as a consultant to BlogForever, a 30-month, co-funded European Commission project on blog preservation, and I am an instructor in the Digital Curation Professional Institute: Curation Practices for the Digital Object Lifecycle. The Institute is a component of DigCCurr II: Extending an International Digital Curation Curriculum to Doctoral Students and Practitioners, a four-year project funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services. Previously, I served as project manager for the DigCCurr I project (2007-2009) and program manager for the UNC-CH Digital Curation/Institutional Repository Committee (2005-2008), and Carolina Digital Repository (2008-2009). At McGill, I teach in the areas of digital preservation and access, digital curation, human information interactions, and research methods.
In my dissertation, beyond exploring the clientelism and favors relationsips, common at that time in the Brazilian political culture, I analyzed the nature of personal archives and the place of those correspondences in the arrangement given to the documents, exploring the question of the construction of research sources in the environment of the archival institutions.
In my doctoral thesis in Sociology, I have focused the issue of the social construction of historic “legacies”, analyzing the role of personal archives in the projects of construction of exemplary individual trajectories. My object of study, then, was the process of the building of the archive of an important Brazilian intellectual and politician, as well as the creation of an institution for continuing his projects, preserving his heritage and keeping his memory alive. Special attention was given, in the institutional design, to the “place” of his archive before and after his death.
So, my academic career is closely linked to my professional experience: from the work with archives, I have turned my attention and developed an analysis on these artifacts and on the actual work of archivists. One of the interesting aspects of this path was the possibility of turning the archival making into an object of analysis, once denaturalizing this practice has allowed me to rethink the use of archival principles on the personal document ensemble.
I am a member of the staff of the Graduate Program in History, Politics and Cultural Assets of CPDOC, link to the research area “Memory, Culture and Society”. The program has received students interested in the archives and its social uses, as well as issues related to heritage and memory. In recent years, I have been in charge of the Memory and collections discipline, in which I try to call the students attention to a socio-historical approach of archives, to their related representations and the archivists’ role in the production of discourses about the past.
More recently, I have been interested in the memory of the Brazilian military regime (1964-1985). In contrast to what occurred in other South American countries, initiatives for preservation and dissemination of Brazil’s dictatorship archives are recent, and they are not happening without resistance. The creation of Political Struggles in Brazil Reference Center, in 2009, is a sign that the memory of this period is becoming State policy. What are the outlines of this process and its effects are some of the questions that I am interested in.
After finishing his master’s degree at UCSD, Chien-Yi became a full time digital preservation specialist at SDSC. He continued to work with archivists and librarians on issues related to digital repositories. He was a member of DICE (Data Intensive Cyber Environments) research group that developed data grid technology for data management and preservation. In 2008, DICE research group was recruited to School of Information and Library Science at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Chien-Yi was part of the team moved to Chapel Hill. Because of his growing interests in digital preservation and archiving, he joined the doctoral program at the School of Information and Library Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2011.
Chien-Yi’s current research interests include applying technologies to resolve the challenges on building digital repositories and managing the policies for digital preservation processes. He is also interested in visualization for the archival data and interface design for the digital archive.
I have also been a full time lecturer at the University of Botswana and adjunct lecturer at the University of West Indies in Barbados. I have been a guest lecturer at the University of Namibia, at Moi University in Kenya and the University of Pretoria as well as University of Witwatersrand both in South Africa. While in Canada I worked briefly as a records consultant at PriceWaterhouseCoopers, an analyst for a software development as well as an archives consultant during the building of a new rapid rail line in Vancouver. I have also done consulting work for the National Archives of Swaziland and two of Southern Africa’s regional bodies. I have worked as an information analyst for human rights archive in South Africa as well as Chief Information Officer and part of the senior management at the Nelson Mandela Foundation.
My research interests are varied and relate to the impact of technology on records, developments taking place in the management of electronic content such as enterprise content management systems and digital continuity. In addition I have continuing interests in issues that relate to records professionals in Africa such as education and training as well as orality.
I have participated in different capacities at various professional associations. This includes serving as a member of the board of the regional ICA association (ESARBICA – East and Southern Africa Regional Branch of the International Council on Archives) for three years. I have also held various positions with the InterPARES project, including being a member of the advisory board between 2002-2007 then as co-director of the Africa Team between 2007 to 2012. I have also been a member of the ISO national standards committee in South Africa for four years and for two of those years participated at the international standards committee. I am currently a member of the editorial board of Archives and Manuscripts Journal. Finally, I have made presentations at various national and international forums including a seminar organized by the International Records Management Trust in partnership with the ESAMI (East and Southern Africa Management Institute) in Arusha, Tanzania in July 2011. I also was one of the keynote speakers at the annual records professionals’ conference in Australia (RIMPA) in September 2011.
My research focuses on the articulation of Indigenous knowledge ecologies centering theory and praxis sourced from within Indigenous knowledge communities, giving Indigenous community stakeholders priority as I work to advance curriculum development in archival studies through national and international collaborations. This work entails liberating subjugated knowledges from archives to be used in Indigenous community regeneration and resilience while validating the levels of Indigenous community existence and resistance through foregrounding Indigenous ethics and protocols and effectively mobilizing allies and stakeholders for mutual benefit; thereby decolonizing archival theory and practice.
My research is broadly motivated by a desire to maintain ongoing access to digital materials, and to ensure that these materials are adequately preserved in order to facilitate this access. I engage with other disciplines and try to understand the preservation challenges in a variety of fields, all the while maintaining an archival perspective and framing these issues around the principles of the archival discipline. As scholarly work and cultural output increasingly live (and die!) in digital formats, I remain committed to conducting research on the ways in which we preserve, provide access and stewardship to our cultural record.
In my research, I am attempting to tease out the nature of the relationship between the practice of active information management and the archival profession, both as a historical narrative and as a complex, changing process in contemporary America. Even though both of these fields originated from similar milieus and came to a twentieth- century maturity at about the same time, they never truly shared an outlook on the reasons why humans document their own behavior. As we move forward, it is vital to understand the fundamental differences between these two fields if we are to argue that archivists have a non-custodial role to play in active information administration. In addition, if the records and information management field is to remain a viable profession in its own right, it needs to move beyond an understanding of documentation as the residue of human activity and move towards an understanding of information as the actual product of the twenty-first century economy.
In terms of a teaching philosophy, it is my belief that a successful graduate education in the field(s) of archives and records/information management must satisfy two basic requirements. First, as befits any professional education, our students must acquire a certain number of basic practical skills, such as the rudiments of digital preservation or the current best practices in archival appraisal and records scheduling. However, these fields are ever-changing, and the basic skills employed today will not necessarily be the same as those used in a decade. For this reason, the second basic requirement for this education should be for our students to acquire a sophisticated understanding of the theoretical and historical underpinnings that support these practical skills. Without a solid awareness of the reasons why current practice is the way that it is, our students will not only be hard-pressed to make sense of future changes, they will also find it more difficult to become the proactive agents of change that we need them to be in order to make sure that these professions thrive in an increasingly information-based economy.
My research interests include exploring the wide-ranging documentation practices of alternative and artist-run organizations. These organizations, particularly those that engage with the public at multiple levels and in multiple forms, whether lectures, workshops, site-specific installations, and performances. For artists working in these modes, the work of art is the processes of social engagement, rather than some object to be displayed in a gallery or to be gazed upon at a distance. I am interested in how such processes are documented, and how records act as the means for these organizations to recall past experiments and projects in order to self-create as systems of social interaction and production.
My approach to teaching is based in critical pedagogy, with an emphasis on attempting to provide my students with opportunities to engage with the communities that with which they identify. Rather than viewing students as receptacles in which information is “deposited (i.e., the “banking” model of education),” I treat the classroom as a space for multiple forms of knowledge and experience to come together and build upon each other. Although learning outcomes are necessary as a framework to guide education, I believe that the methods that students employ to achieve those outcomes are as unique as students themselves. I view my role as an educator in terms of facilitating students’ individual and collaborative processes of learning, both inside and outside the spaces of the classroom.
My primary area of research is the long-term curation of digital collections. I am particularly interested in the professionalization of this work and the diffusion of existing tools and methods into professional practice. I developed “A Framework for Contextual Information in Digital Collections” (Journal of Documentation), and edited and provided several chapters to I, Digital: Personal Collections in the Digital Era published by the Society of American Archivists.
I’m Principal Investigator of the BitCurator project, which is developing and disseminating open-source digital forensics tools for use by archivists and librarians. I was also Principal Investigator of the Digital Acquisition Learning Laboratory (DALL) project, which investigated and tested the incorporation of digital forensics tools and methods into digital curation education. I served as Co-PI on several projects focused on preparing professionals for digital curation responsibilities: Preserving Access to Our Digital Future: Building an International Digital Curation Curriculum (DigCCurr), DigCCurr II: Extending an International Digital Curation Curriculum to Doctoral Students and Practitioners; Educating Stewards of Public Information for the 21st Century (ESOPI-21), Educating Stewards of the Public Information Infrastructure (ESOPI2), and Closing the Digital Curation Gap (CDCG). In a project called Curation of a Forensic Data Collection for Education, I investigated and developed resources to enhance access and use of disk images to support digital forensics education.
I came to discover archivistics through the National Archive of France and Saint-Gobain Archives, which are places I often visited to prepare for a master´s thesis, and majored in the Library and Information Science at the Université Paris-VIII and Archivistics at Université de Bourgogne for the master´s courses. Back then, I came up with a master’s thesis on the collection of private archives at the Archives, which I was interested in, and selected and evaluated Société d’Emulation Beaunoise’s documentaries that were collected from the archive of Commune called Beaune, which is next to Dijon, and organized descriptions. I obtained the doctor’s course in archivistics at Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, and am currently looking for evidences of developments in the Korean records management culture through studies of French records management culture.
It is no exaggeration to claim that the French records management system was started and completed with the French Revolution. The acquisition of civil rights through civil revolution is not unrelated to citizen’s acquisition of records. Such traditions of records management have continued up to now, and concerns of archivists regarding their identities have materialized as they got confronted with a society that was rapidly becoming informationized. In an electronic records environment, archivists began agonizing about matters that differentiate themselves from information managers, information experts and data researchers. Such concerns of archivists can be verified by examining the archivist duty index, which was created by the French Association of Archivists. The duty index defines inborn activities of archivists through the analysis of their inherent duties, and allows archivists themselves to continuously question their identity. This research wishes to examine the French records management culture through archivists by examining the French records management system, archivist cultivation process and archivist duty index analysis, and analyze the Korean records management culture through the roles of archivists, which are currently being discussed in Korea as well.
In my research I attempt to combine and integrate micro- and marco-level approaches to societal phenomena. I am particularly interested in how place-based relationships and families contribute to peoples’ relationships to their pasts, and how different information infrastructures in other parts of the world, especially Brazil, inform societal constructions of the past in different ways. I argue that the political economic pressures to commodify local and family, through the aggressive pressure to share intimate documentation, including records, online through Facebook and Ancestry.com, impacts the presence of the past. As a result of this historical trend, the work of public sector archivists and librarians is affected in ways I think not fully understood. To understand these pressures requires, I argue, historical study of the development of the family history and cultural heritage industries and their symbiotic relationships with public sector archives and libraries.
Now at the University of Texas at Austin as a doctoral student in the School of Information, I have continued researching culturally-based preservation strategies and theories for the library and archive, looking particularly at how different cultures and communities may approach appraisal and selection of materials, and associate value with their preservation. This research has led me to my dissertation area which will focus on how information seeking behaviors in the process of disaster response and recovery can inform the role of libraries and archives to facilitate the needs of the community and lend expertise to cultural heritage preservation decisions. The resulting scholarship is not intended to be purely academic (though that element will be undoubtedly satisfied), but will also serve to provide practical guidance for librarians and archivists to implement culturally sensitive approaches to managing and preserving collection materials in their institutions.
As an academic, I am also concerned that both my research and teaching advance knowledge and integrity in the discipline. This year, I am teaching an upper-level undergraduate course entitled “Representation and Preservation of Cultural Heritage Information.” I designed this course as a way to incorporate archival and special collections research into the undergraduate experience and broaden their horizons about the work of archives and libraries. Students engage with key articles in the field, conduct site visits at local libraries, archives, and museums, and spend the semester focusing on the organization, preservation, description, interpretation, and display of a cultural heritage collection they have selected. Many of the tools and skills the students learn in my class are transferable to practical applications outside the classroom, but we focus specifically on what challenges and opportunities cultural heritage material and information present for the practices involved with curating and preserving objects and knowledge.
The “deterritorialized” Web has enabled modes of communication that were impossible—unthinkable—until recently in the past. New technologies, such as social media and Web 2.0 tools, offer the possibility to anyone with the necessary skills and equipment to be part of the knowledge-creation process. “Prosumers” challenge traditional archival practices by affecting both appraisal and description. What is the meaning of “provenance” and “original order” in this new world? What is a “document” in the case of cultures or communities that did not necessarily or only express themselves through written material? How can we bridge the work of museums and archives, and allow user voices in the telling of history? The history of disenfranchised, disadvantaged communities is not constructed, nor presented by the lay people of a community: It is collected and exhibited in State-sanctioned memory institutions, it promotes the views of community elites, and is told top-down by historians, scholars, or us, the archivists, through conscious or unconscious choices, and the layers of meaning we contribute to documents and records through seemingly “innocent” functions and usage. My research has a strong Digital Humanities lens. I believe that the DH approach and tools offer novel ways to make sense of the material of diasporic communities. Beyond helping me visualize (and link) dispersed holdings in unified ways, digital humanities enable me to ask new questions about existing sources. DH will play an important role in my future career and teaching. I see myself bridging disciplines (history, archival science, cultural heritage), and developing projects that reflect this. In my scholarship and teaching (hopefully, when I finish the program), some topics that I would like to further explore in the context of multilingual, multinational archives, spanning temporal, geographical, national and linguistic “borders,” are:
• Online platforms that allow diverse voices into the archives,
My doctoral research considers archival spaces outside of traditional institutional archives. Using zines and the zine community as a specific site of research, I am exploring a series of ‘other’ spaces of memory making and collection. Zine practice is framed by ideas of DIY, the personal and small scale, resistance and ephemerality, and these ideologies provide alternative views on the archival process. As a practicing zine maker and member of the community/ies I am also interested in exploring the simultaneous roles of researcher and practitioner through my work.
While at Lehigh, I developed an interest in the looting of cultural property and how decolonization, war, and changes in political boundaries have led to restitution claims. I began the doctoral program at the University of Pittsburgh as a student of the Working Memory initiative, which provides students with the opportunity to engage in the study of cultural and scientific memory through a series of seminars. At Pitt, I am examining the role of documentation in cultural heritage disputes and the government’s use of replevin to recover public records that are in private hands.
I place great value on an interdisciplinary education and remain committed to finding and observing linkages across academic fields. I believe that no field is untouched by other disciplines and my teaching and scholarship philosophy is rooted in this conviction.
My experiences in video production and work with several local institutions continue to illustrate the challenges that audiovisual records pose for archives. As with digital records, audiovisual records bring specific challenges to collecting institutions. I believe that building a community between creators and custodians is a vital step in advocating for continued preservation of these collections. My relationship with Pittsburgh Filmmakers, a local media arts center, has informed the direction of my current research. I am interested in understanding what role media arts centers have played in the preservation of independent media and how such institutions may be understood as archival spaces within the communities of media creators.
Research highlights have included the 2004-8 ARC Linkage Major Project “Trust and Technology: Building Archival Systems for Indigenous Oral Memory” which explored how archives can support Indigenous frameworks of knowledge, memory and evidence, particularly knowledge that is still stored within the community orally; my recordkeeping metadata research (the Australian Recordkeeping Metadata Schema (RKMS) Version 1.0, the related 1997-8 SPIRT Project, and the 2003-05 ARC Linkage Project, “Create Once, Use Many Times: the Clever Use of Metadata” which impacted significantly on the development of the new Australian National Standard, and ISO23081; and the development of the Breast Cancer Knowledge Online Portal an outcome of consumer instigated research and collaboration between researchers, governments, industry and professional partners, and user communities.
Another recent highlight has been the establishment of the Monash Centre for Organisational and Social Informatics in 2006 – COSI brings together a critical mass of Monash researchers, national and international research collaborators, industry and community research partners and research students, and aims to contribute to the development of individuals, organisations, and society through multidisciplinary research relating to human-centred design and deployment of information technologies, and their creative and effective use in government, business and civil society. COSI’s major research themes include the role of ICTs in social inclusion, and the nexus between memories, communities and technologies.
Since 1990, I have been involved with my Monash colleagues in the development, coordination and teaching of one of Australia’s leading professionally accredited graduate programs in recordkeeping and archival systems. This has been enormously satisfying, and sustaining our archival programs remains a major challenge. A key to our success so far has been the development of our programs within the multidisciplinary framework of a broadly based Faculty of Information Technology which includes information disciplines ranging from the engineering to the social sciences ends of the spectrum, the strong nexus between our research and teaching programs and our engagement with a wonderfully supportive professional community.
Throughout my doctoral program, I have also had the opportunity to gain valuable experience in teaching and creating curriculum. During the spring 2011, I guest lectured for the course Archival Appraisal. During the fall 2011, I had the opportunity to assist with the course Digital Preservation and Access. Currently, I am co-teaching the course Information Technology for Managing Digital Collections.
My fellowship work and my teaching continue to reinforce my belief in the importance of archival education and research. My research is broadly focused on digital curation in the sciences. Specifically, I am interested in a variety of topics including scientific data management, scientific data reuse and sharing, scientific data repositories, and endangered scientific data. I prefer to investigate these topics through an international lens. My past research included how scientists are using social media to gain access to information. Some of my current research includes digital curation education, reuse and sharing of scientific data, and endangered scientific data or data at risk.
My dissertation research will examine institutions which have undertaken significant collecting in business and industry. In addition to a case study approach, my methodologies include analysis of historical documents and in-depth interviews with archivists, curators, and historians about their work. This work is multidisciplinary in scope – addressing both the evolution of archival theory and practice as well as the development of scholarship in the fields of industrial history and the history of technology. My hope is that this research will help to inform archivists and historians in ensuring that adequate documentation is preserved about American industrial history.
In 2010-2011, I conducted a pilot project at an architecture firm using observation and interviews to determine the distinct types of digital records produced by the firm, the relevant characteristics (e.g. file types, file sizes, hardware and software requirements) of these digital record types, and what asset management practices are in place to handle records. I also explored the firm environment, especially with regard to group dynamics, design collaborations, and asset management workflow. For my dissertation, I am focused on developing my ethnographic methodology to address the production of material artifacts in the form of architectural drawings, models, photography, and project planning correspondence and contracts, as well as other documents produced in the course of practice that can inform an understanding of the (social) construction of the built environment.
I intend to build an academic career that allows me to remain close to archival practice. Balancing theory and practice is central to my teaching philosophy. As an archival educator, I hope to encourage students to appreciate the value of theory as they engage in practice. For the past year, I have been a teaching assistant for an undergraduate course that is team-taught by iSchool doctoral students. I intend to teach the course during the 2012-2013 academic year, as well as to continue to develop a class that will introduce students to archives by highlighting the complexity of information creation, access, and preservation within and across academic disciplines.
I received a MSIS from UT Austin in 2007 and an MA in Architectural History in 2009. Throughout my graduate education, I have worked at the Alexander Architectural Archive as a project processor. I am currently the project manager on the Charles W. Moore archives processing project.
Currently Mr. Poole works under the aegis of the IMLS DigCCurr II project. Overall, DigCCurr II “seeks to develop an international, doctoral-level curriculum and educational network in the management and preservation of digital materials across their life cycle. In this vein, “If cultural heritage, science, commerce, health, education, and government sectors are to have long-term access and reuse of meaningful and authentic digital resources, graduate education programs must produce PhD-level faculty in digital curation.” DigCCurr II focuses on preparing such educators. In service of DigCCurr objectives, moreover, Mr. Poole has pursued work in the digital archives area both as a student and as a prospective teacher; similarly, he has focused on long-term objectives with respect to digital archives. Prior to his doctoral work, Mr. Poole served as an intern at the New York Historical Society in variegated roles, notably as a researcher and editor and as a library and archives intern, as well as an employee at University of North Carolina.
Mr. Poole’s research interests center on archives and records management. More specifically, his recent work centers on data management and reuse in the humanities, recently called the “next big thing” in academia by the New York Times. Large-scale humanities data allows scholars to ask new questions and to glean new insights, as well as to use new methods to probe familiar questions. A perspective both international and interdisciplinary adds further critical mass to such inquiries. Mr. Poole shall embark upon further work analyzing how scholars use or fail to use large-scale data in their academic labors and their reflections upon such use.
On the whole, Mr. Poole operates as a scholar, researcher, and teacher under the guiding principle of steadfastly showing intellectual generosity. In this vein, he intends to thrive in the “metacommunity” of archival studies. As Helen Tibbo observes, “Society as we know it is dependent upon digital data” (2003, p. 42); with enthusiasm and acuity, Mr. Poole shall take up this call to action in the arena of archival studies.
Ms. Ramdeen holds a BS in Geology and a BA in Humanities from Florida State University (FSU). She also holds an MS in Library and Information Studies with a Certificate in Museum Studies from FSU. In the Fall of 2006 she was an intern in London at the Natural History Museum and before entering the PhD program at UNC, she worked for the Florida Geological Survey. Additional information can be found on her website.
From January 2003 until June 2011, I worked as a Project Archivist at the Center for Puerto Rican Studies at Hunter College, CUNY, where, among other things, I focused on the arrangement, description and appraisal of organizational records and personal papers from the Puerto Rican community in New York and beyond. Since February of this year, I have worked as a Project Archivist in the Bancroft Library at U.C. Berkeley.
Currently, my current research interests include the role of states of repression in the creation of documentary evidence, the archiving of human rights violations in Latin America and the construction of memory and national identities in post-conflict societies and their Diasporas. Indeed, I will be presenting a paper on the role of archives in post-conflict identify formation in Latin America at the 2012 conference of the Archives Association of Ontario in June.
Given the increasing emphasis being placed on the development of technological proficiencies in our field, I believe that it is doubly important to carve out space for critical thought about the role of archives in contemporary society in the education of future professionals. Although it is necessary for students graduating from library science/information studies programs to have the tools to succeed in the job market, it is equally as necessary for them to have a historical and theoretical perspective on their practice. Therefore, what informs my interest in both teaching and scholarship is a desire to create a space for an interdisciplinary archival praxis that emphasis the intellectual, as well as the technical development of future generations of archivists.
I have bachelors and masters degrees in economics and taught economics for ten years at several San Francisco Bay area universities including California State University East Bay, University of San Francisco, and Golden Gate University. In addition, during that timeframe I worked as an information professional and analyst: In my capacity as a manager and consultant at Deloitte, I specialized in data quality and integrity and in implementing business knowledge systems. I have taught the electronic records management course at UNC, Chapel Hill for several years, in addition to management of organizations and have assisted in the teaching of courses such as Information Technology for Managing Digital Collections.
In addition to my full-time attendance at UNC, I am the project manager for the IMLS-funded projects “Educating Stewards of Public Information in the 21st Century (ESOPI-21)” and “Educating Stewards of the Public Information Infrastructure” (ESOPI2). I also provide occasional consulting services for preservation-related organizations. For example, I developed a cost model for Dryad, a repository of scientific data for the evolutionary sciences. With respect to teaching, I see learning as a highly participatory and practice-oriented activity. It is participatory in that the deepest learning often comes as a result of communication with others, whether they be one’s teachers, one’s students, one’s colleagues, or fellow students. Learning is also practice-oriented in that actively engaging the material through practical applications, problem solving, discussion, and writing allows one to develop a more coherent understanding.
I am strongly committed to fostering the diversity of interests and strengths among my students, and have spent many years working with students from a wide variety of cultural and educational backgrounds. Some students are visual learners; others are auditory learners. Some are quantitatively oriented; others prefer qualitative, verbal explanations. Students exhibit their learning styles and needs within the classroom via body language, questions asked, feedback to the professor, and even the choice of topics and methodology for projects and papers. To be flexible enough to change techniques when needed distinguishes an effective educator.
Today’s university environment offers an exciting array of means for fostering greater awareness of and appreciation for information in its many manifestations. I attempt to engage students through a variety of media, including social networking and multimedia presentations and videos. Above all, however, I have found that continuously recognizing and remembering the tremendous diversity that students bring with them allows all of us to learn from each other.
My research is supported by the view that it can be conceptually helpful to consider archival objects, and collections, as physical objects. This places emphasis on evaluating the making and construction of archives, allowing for an understanding of how activities, actions, thoughts, and perspectives, influence the artifactual identities of collections. Archives are made up of physical objects, but they are also made by ideas. The historical study of archival theory presents one avenue for exploring the interweaving of these two archives. In summary, I am interested in developing an understanding of how archives have been though of, and realized, by archivists, documentary editors, and records creators.
In teaching, my concerns, thoughts, and perspectives, mirror those of my research agenda. As an instructor, my primary goal is that the students enrolled in my courses leave with an awareness of the consequences of archival work, and more specifically and importantly, of their own archival practices. The archivist has a role in sculpting the identities of the collections with which he or she works. In working with these artifacts, the archivist assists in determining what contents are contained within a collection and how they are structured, influencing how it will communicate meaning, and more fundamentally, the possibilities of what it can potentially communicate. This is the nature of the practice that many of my students aspire to devote themselves as practitioners. My teaching, I hope, places emphasis on allowing students to come to understand their places within archival infrastructures, and how their actions will affect collections, institutions, and communities. When my students enter the profession, they will manage, maintain, and facilitate access to original sources, but they will also manage and create meaning. In teaching students how to reflect on how archives are made, and how they themselves are involved in the making of collections, they can become more adept at responsibly carrying out these difficult tasks.
The idea that links together my research and teaching activities is a concern with the archivist as a maker of things, and with exploring how this conceptualization can be useful in exploring archival practices, past and present.
With a strong interest, Song continuously pays attention to archival research methods, electronic records management, new technologies and archival theories development. Details are followed:
My involvement in the field of archives is focused on social justice and archives. An example of this can be drawn from my professional work with the NSW State Archives. During this time we were conducting archival research to validate claims made for the repayment of wages held by government, as well as supporting members of the Stolen Generations to identify archival records that could assist them in reconnecting with members of their families. I was also part of a team that created the In Living Memory photographic exhibition based on images of the former NSW Aborigines Protection and Welfare Boards, and subsequent NSW In Living Memory Tour. My current role with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Data Archive (ATSIDA) at the University of Technology Sydney has included national and international collaborations with regards to archival research with Indigenous peoples. More recently, Dr Shannon Faulkhead and I were awarded the Ian Maclean Research Award from the National Archives of Australia to develop the web portal titled the ‘Indigenous Archive Network: Connecting People Working with Indigenous Knowledge Sources’. The site aims to grow a community where information, experiences, projects and stories can be shared.
I have recently completed a Masters of Information Management and Systems (Professional) at Monash University which included a Minor Thesis on ‘Creating an Aboriginal Community Archive’. My research interests are motivated by my years of immersion in the provision of relevant and culturally appropriate archival services for Aboriginal peoples. I am interested in working in partnership with Indigenous communities to identify research agendas based on community aspirations and needs.
Specifically I am interested in the use of archives in rejuvenating language and culture; in collecting dispersed cultural resources and managing them in local community archives; and in utilising archives, records and oral memory to assist in the healing process of acknowledging past traumas and injustices. My research interest is also firmly embedded in the belief that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples should be active participants in all matters concerning the archival management of their culture and records now and into the future.
She was also PI for two projects funded by the National Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) – Managing the Digital University Desktop project (2002-2005) and the NHPRC Electronic Records Research Fellowship Program (2004-2008). Dr. Tibbo is also a co-PI with collaborators from the University of Michigan and the University of Toronto for a Mellon Foundation-funded project to develop standardized metrics for assessing use and user services for primary sources. She was also a co-PI with Drs. Marchionini and Lee on the NSF-funded Preserving Video Objects and Context: A Demonstration Project and its continuation funded by NDIIPP of the Library of Congress. For the Primarily History project, she and Dr. Ian Anderson, University of Glasgow, continue to explore U.S. and European historians and their information-seeking behaviors with regard to primary source materials and technologies used in archives to support remote access.
In 2004 Dr. Tibbo initiated efforts to build what has now become the Carolina Digital Repository at UNC-Chapel Hill. Dr. Tibbo is a Fellow of the Society of American Archivists (SAA) and is SAA’s current President. She is also on the Editorial Board of the Digital Curation Centre’s (DCC) Digital Curation Manual and the ISO Working Group that is developing an international standard for audit and certification of digital repositories. Dr. Tibbo has extensive experience planning and conducting practitioner-oriented education and dissemination events with “Digitization for Cultural Heritage Information Professionals,” 2002-2004; “NHPRC Electronic Records Research Fellowship Symposia,” 2004-2007; the DigCCurr2007 and 2009 conferences and the Summer Institutes for Digital Curation Professional for DigCCurr II.
In relation to the Monash University Archives and Records Management program, in 1988 I carried out an initial consultancy for the Department of Librarianship which established the second year of a Master of Arts program specialising in archives, and prepared a successful application for course development funds which acquired $280,000 of seeding funds for the development of the first year of the course, also available also as a Graduate Diploma of Archives and Records Management. Over a period of eighteen years I taught within, co-ordinated and developed more than 20 subjects within various Undergraduate and Graduate Programs. Within a context of tighter budgets I specialised in web-based approaches to business activities within Internet communication environments. In 2006 I resigned and after a period of ill-health began a long delayed PhD thesis part-time.
Research and teaching philosophy
In relation to research my main interest has become the way disciplines develop structures and discourses that can strangle their creative evolution in the face of change and novelty, and the issue of recommencements from outside those structures and discourses.
To answer these questions I employ three empirical methods, Structured Self-Observation (SSO), archival research and discourse analysis to capture data on the personal, historical and cultural aspects of EHR. The audiences for the dissertation are the fields of Archival Studies, Library and Information Science (LIS) and Science and Technology Studies (STS). The dissertation offers three contributions – empirical, theoretical and methodological. It analyses the individual subject as the mediator between personal and institutional records . It focuses on records and recordkeeping as central objects in healthcare practice. Finally, it demonstrates the usefulness of SSO as a method for studying the personal effects of relationships with technology.
My research interests center around two areas of study: recordkeeping behavior and metrics. I am interested in how organizations develop and use information systems to represent complex phenomena in an understandable form that can support decision-making. In particular, I am exploring the data-gathering phase of metrics and evaluation, looking at how an organization’s recordkeeping processes, rules, and expectations shape its measurement of an environment it engages or observes. In addition to having an academic dimension of adding to the recordkeeping behavior and evaluation literature, this research may be able to make a policy contribution to understanding the complexity of measuring and evaluating dynamic arenas, such as armed conflicts, education, health care, and social work.
Since 1996 I have worked as an archivist and records manager at higher education institutions, serving, since 2002, as the University Records Manager at Tufts University. In this role I provide departments with recordkeeping advice, work with appropriate stakeholders to develop records policies, and contribute to institution-wide information management efforts. I served as a co-principal investigator on an NHPRC electronic records research project, Fedora and the Preservation of University Records and served as the project director of an NHPRC electronic records program expansion project, Tufts Accessioning Program for Electronic Records.
My current research focus is on collaborative family history building and the use of online resources to support amateur genealogical practice. I am interested in how both the social and technical features of family history websites help shape information sharing behaviors among family history researchers. To develop an understanding of this online community, I plan to use interviews of website contributors and content analysis of website message boards. These collaborative family history websites are important examples of popular participatory archives. Shedding light on how online communities share historical information and peer produce historical resources may help promote new understandings of how Web 2.0 tools can support more user-centered and participatory approaches for memory institutions.
As my film work explores personal histories, memories, and identities, my work in Archival studies engages those same ideas, but in the broader context of collective histories, memories, and experiences that are reconfigured in diasporas. My research interests include the documentation, collection, preservation, and dissemination of historical and cultural records in Asian immigrant communities. My work explores memory-making in diaspora as exemplars of trauma and persistence, shock and continuity, and diversity, difference, and hybridity. I am also interested in the expression and transmission of memory-making practices in narrative genres of self (e.g., autoethnographies, memoirs, diaries/journals, letters, and travelogues); as well as how those memories are embodied and performed in the practices of local and transnational communities and circulated personally and collectively across time and space with the mediation of digital technologies. My latest film, “A Community of Friends”, is a documentary about a group of community volunteers who mobilized the Chinese American community in Los Angeles to get a public library in Chinatown. My films have screened internationally in film festivals, academic conferences, and on public television.
Prior to returning to graduate school, I was the Assistant Director of the Center for EthnoCommunications at the UCLA Asian American Studies Center where I developed, produced, and promoted media about and by Asian Americans and their communities. I also taught classes in community media, video ethnography, and documentary filmmaking at the UCLA Department of Asian American Studies I am planning to continue my career in academia. I find teaching very rewarding and would like to teach in higher education in the foreseeable future. In addition, I want to continue as a filmmaker and incorporate documentary filmmaking, community media-making, and visual ethnography in my methodological, pedagogical, and research practices in Archival studies. Moreover, and more significantly, I also want to build upon the interest that was sparked working with my own family’s record collection to expand my scholarship to emphasize the preservation of records in diverse communities.
I originally hail from the East Coast of the United States, growing up in Maryland and graduating from college in Pennsylvania where I majored in East Asian Studies.
The PhD program in Information Studies prepares students to excel as researchers, authors and teachers at the university level. I aspire to count myself as a peer in this regard. From my experiences, the central defining aspect of the information field is its interdisciplinarity, which can be seen indicative of the complexity of evolving information systems. The field brings together overlapping yet disparate intellectual legacies from libraries, archives, museums, cataloging, classification, social media, intellectual property, open access, automation, and so on. In this regard, information can be seen as a boundary object that is claimed by many discourses with overlapping but not identical meanings. The interdisciplinarity was what drew me to the field, and in some ways has been the largest challenge. Navigating multiple intellectual lineages and traditions challenges me to understand larger questions of how to apply intellectual frameworks and research methods. I have come to understand this challenge as a path to becoming a better scholar.